Nuevas herramientas para el diagnóstico del cáncer de vejiga

Autores/as

  • Juan Fernando Paz Universidad de Cartagena. Cartagena, Colombia.
  • Fernando Echeverria Departamento de Cirugía/Urología. Escuela de Medicina. Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia.
  • Herney Andrés García-Perdomo Departamento de Cirugía/Urología. Escuela de Medicina. Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.48193/revistamexicanadeurologa.v82i1.847

Palabras clave:

Cáncer de vejiga, Imágenes diagnósticas, Resonancia Magnética Multiparamétrica, ecografía contrastada (CEUS)

Resumen

Resumen

El cáncer de vejiga es la undécima neoplasia maligna más frecuente a nivel mundial y conlleva una alta morbimortalidad. Para su diagnóstico, múltiples ayudas como la urotomografía y la cistoscopia, que permanecen como el estándar de oro en la actualidad. Se realizó una revisión narrativa en múltiples bases de datos (Medline, Scopus, ScienceDirect). El diagnóstico fotodinámico, al igual que la reconstrucción vesical por tomografía para realización de cistoscopia virtual son herramientas que se han introducido más recientemente. Asimismo, la ecografía contrastada y particularmente la Resonancia Magnética Multiparamétrica vesical con la clasificación de VI-RADS se han propuesto como alternativas novedosas. Éstos últimos son tal vez las herramientas más promisorias, sin embargo, se requieren más estudios que permitan recomendar su uso generalizado, que aún se vería limitado por su disponibilidad.

Citas

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2022-02-21 — Actualizado el 2022-02-22

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